It’s a massive moment for any child (and their bike-mad parent) — learning to ride on your own, without stabilizers or support. But there are real pitfalls to avoid, so what is the best way to teach a child to cycle?
The child learns how to balance and steer a two-wheeler without the complication of pedaling and taking your feet off the ground at the same time.
- Gauge if the child is ready
Most children will be ready to learn between three and a half and four and a half years of age. If they’re not ready, it’s usually pretty obvious right away and they won’t get the hang of moving the pedals in circles quickly.
If children see other kids riding, they’ll get some sort of idea about turning the pedals. Remember, children are hardwired to learn to walk and run, but not to cycle.
- Choose a suitable area
It’s important to choose a suitable area for their first lesson. It can be tempting to choose soft grass as it’ll give a softer landing, but this is actually harder to pedal on.
What you actually want is a smooth and fairly flat tarmac surface that’ll let the child get some rolling momentum, ideally with plenty of space so the child can roam around, and of course away from traffic.
- Get the bike set up
Make sure you buy the right bike size — don’t put them on a bike that’s too big in the hope they’ll ‘grow into it’.
Set the saddle so the child can get the balls of their feet on the ground. It’s tempting to go for setting the saddle low enough that they can put flat feet on the ground, but that makes the pedaling action more difficult, as their knees will come up too high and interfere with the steering, and make gaining balance more difficult.
- Support the child in their first efforts
It’s tempting to hold on to the saddle and handlebars, but you’ll be interfering with how the bike leans and responds to the rider’s weight.
It’s best to stand behind the bike and child, and wedge the rear wheel between your feet and calves. Support them with your hands under the armpits, so they’ve got complete control of the bike — it’s easier on the back for you too.
- Gradually let go (but stay ready to catch them)
As they gain confidence riding you can gradually let go, but stay ready to grab them under the armpits if necessary.
When you’re running behind them, you can guide their body and help them to understand how the bike responds to leaning, show them how to corner and make S-turns.
If they’re ready to learn to ride, they’ll find their balance and be pedaling forward quite quickly, usually within one session of half an hour or so.
- Starting off on their own
Once they’ve got the hang of pedaling forward and balancing, you can show them how to set off on their own.
Position the pedal of their stronger foot into the 2 o’clock position, and get the child to put their foot on the pedal. Tell them to push down hard on that pedal while pushing on the ground on the other leg. It will take a few practices goes before they get the hang of it.
- Learning to brake
It’s sometimes easier to introduce the concept of the brakes without the child actually riding — so ask them to walk alongside the bike and pull on the brake levers to see what happens. They will pull on the levers pretty hard to begin with. You can then encourage them, while walking, to squeeze the brakes more slowly.
Once they’ve got the hang of that, put them back on the bike and have a few goes. They’ll usually brake effectively, but forget to put their feet down — so be ready to catch!
Soon they will be riding without you running behind them.
- Try, try again
Practice is key to getting the hang of it. But remember that every child’s different and the point at which they’re ready to ride varies.
Be careful not to make it into a stressful experience for the child, no matter how keen you are for them to join you on rides. With any luck, they’ll love practicing this new skill and the freedom it brings.
Oh, and don’t forget the protective gear, particularly at this early stage; a helmet is essential, and cycling mitts can help prevent scuffed hands. Long trousers such as tracksuit bottoms and shirts with sleeves are better than bare arms and legs, as they’ll help protect from minor grazes. Boots or trainers are better than sandals too.