Are you a keen Billiards player? Have you come to play Billiards in Antics Land?
We have the perfect display and atmosphere for a good play with family or with friends. Billiards is a great game that is both enjoyable, challenging as well as intense. But if you are one of those people that have always wanted to try it out but have no idea how it works, here’s a little introduction:
Billiards is played with three balls on a 5′ x 10′ table which has no pocket. It is played basically everywhere except in the US and UK where people play pool or snooker. Billiards is played in Europe, South America, Asia (Japan, Indonesia), North Africa (Egypt, Turkey). There are a white ball, a yellow ball (sometimes a white ball with two dots) and a red ball. One player has the white ball as his cue ball and the other player has the yellow ball. The red is always an object ball. There also exists an Asian game with four balls.
To score a point, the cue ball must contact the two object balls.
Is that it? Yup, it is basically it. The rules of billiards are quite simple, if your cue ball contacts the two object balls, you score a point and play again. This is called straight billiards or straight-rail billiards. In the diagrams I always use the white ball as the cue for the sake of consistency.
In 1880, in Paris, there was a game of straight billiards between the French Vignaux and the American Slosson. The latter broke and ran 1 103 points in a row. Then Vignaux ran 1 531 points. Ten years later 3 000 points in a row were scored in San Francisco. These very long runs were tedious. Also there is a problem when in a 500 points a player breaks and runs 500 points without letting his opponent play a single shot.
This is why people looked for ways to make the game harder. One solution was to prevent players from having very long runs where balls would barely move. In balkline, rectangles are drawn on the table and the player cannot keep the two object balls within any rectangle for more than one or two shots. In 47/2, there are three rectangles in the width of the table, so each has a width of 47 cm. The players can play only two shots before they have to make an object ball leave the rectangle (it is allowed to come back.) Hence the name 47/2. 47/1 is similar but the player can play only one shot in any rectangle.
For those who still find it too easy the size of the rectangles can be increased, to have only two rectangles in the width instead of three. This is 71/2.
pattern for 47/2 and 47/1
pattern for 71/2
Note: 48/2 is the name in metric units, it is called 18.2 in English-unit countries.
The idea behind balkline is that constraints had to be introduced in order to make the game harder. Another kind of constraint is used for cushion games. Nothing is drawn on the table. Before contacting the second object ball, the cue ball must contact a rail in one-cushion billiards or three rails in three-cushion billiards.
In 1939, Ferraz won the straight billiards world championship with an average of more than a hundred. In 1969, Ceulemans from Belgium (the best billiards player ever) won the title with an average run of 180. In 1967, the French Marty was world champion in 47/2 with an average above a hundred. And in 1968, he won at 71/2 at 92 points on average. In 1982 Connesson had an average of 52 at 47/1. In one-cushion, Ceulemans won the world title (he won about 25 world titles) at 15 points on average in 1976. In three-cushion the Swede Blomdahl averaged over 2 points in 1997 to become world champion.
These concepts apply to all games.
Shooting softly or hard
When using draw or follow, how hard the ball is hit will change the trajectory. The harder the hit the more the ball will move laterally before rolling forwards or backwards. The trajectory is a curve, while when hit softer the trajectory is flatter.
Follow shot hit hard
same shot hit softly
So with maximum spin and hitting hard, cute curves can be obtained.
Cutting or following
It is often possible to cut a ball or to take it fuller with follow. The player will make a choice depending on the difficulty of the shots (following is easier than a thin cut) and/or for position reasons.
A shot played with a thin hit
same shot played with a thin hit
Did you like this post? Would you like more?
Stay tuned for a whole series of tips and tricks related to Billiards, and let us know your views and experiences in the comment section below 😉